18 5 月, 2024

Manufacturing

Processing Machinery

YOLOV7 improvement – add CBAM attention mechanism

5 min read

YOLOV7 improvement – add CBAM attention mechanism
CBAM attention mechanism
the code
Add CBAM module in commen.py
Add CBAM module name in yolo.py
Add CBAM information in the cfg file

Because of the needs of the project, try to add the CBA在这里插入图片描述M

The Convolutional Block Attention Module (CBAM) consists of two modules, Channel Attention (CAM) and Spatial Attention Module (SAM). CAM can make the network focus on the foreground of the image, making the network pay more attention to the meaningful gt area, while SAM allows the network to pay attention to the location of rich context information in the whole picture. These two modules are plug and play, and it is recommended to add them to the network in series (in the paper, serial is better than parallel. Under the blogger’s data set, the effect of parallel and serial is not obvious. The blogger thinks that feature fusion is not harsh. Requirements, depending on the data set used, as long as the connection effect is good), the code shown below is a serial method.

the code
Add CBAM module in commen.py
This part of the code is the same as that of yolov5, just use it directly!

class ChannelAttention(nn.Module):
def __init__(self, in_planes, ratio=16):
super(ChannelAttention, self).__init__()
self.avg_pool = nn.AdaptiveAvgPool2d(1)
self.max_pool = nn.AdaptiveMaxPool2d(1)
self.f1 = nn.Conv2d(in_planes, in_planes // ratio, 1, bias=False)
self.relu = nn.ReLU()
self.f2 = nn.Conv2d(in_planes // ratio, in_planes, 1, bias=False)
self.sigmoid = nn.Sigmoid()

def forward(self, x):
avg_out = self.f2(self.relu(self.f1(self.avg_pool(x))))
max_out = self.f2(self.relu(self.f1(self.max_pool(x))))
out = self.sigmoid(avg_out + max_out)
return out

class SpatialAttention(nn.Module):
def __init__(self, kernel_size=7):
super(SpatialAttention, self).__init__()
assert kernel_size in (3, 7), ‘kernel size must be 3 or 7’
padding = 3 if kernel_size == 7 else 1
self.conv = nn.Conv2d(2, 1, kernel_size, padding=padding, bias=False)
self.sigmoid = nn.Sigmoid()

def forward(self, x):
avg_out = torch.mean(x, dim=1, keepdim=True)
max_out, _ = torch.max(x, dim=1, keepdim=True)
x = torch.cat([avg_out, max_out], dim=1)
x = self.conv(x)
return self.sigmoid(x)

class CBAM(nn.Module):
# Standard convolution
def __init__(self, c1, c2, k=1, s=1, p=None, g=1, act=True): # ch_in, ch_out, kernel, stride, padding, groups
super(CBAM, self).__init__()
self.conv = nn.Conv2d(c1, c2, k, s, autopad(k, p), groups=g, bias=False)
self.bn = nn.BatchNorm2d(c2)
self.act = nn.Hardswish() if act else nn.Identity()
self.ca = ChannelAttention(c2)
self.sa = SpatialAttention()

def forward(self, x):
x = self.act(self.bn(self.conv(x)))
x = self.ca(x) * x
x = self.sa(x) * x
return x

def fuseforward(self, x):
return self.act(self.conv(x))

Add CBAM module name in yolo.py
Find line 459 of yolo.py and add the CBAM module name.

if m in [nn.Conv2d, Conv, RobustConv, RobustConv2, DWConv, GhostConv, RepConv, RepConv_OREPA, DownC,
SPP, SPPF, SPPCSPC, GhostSPPCSPC, MixConv2d, Focus, Stem, GhostStem, CrossConv,
Bottleneck, BottleneckCSPA, BottleneckCSPB, BottleneckCSPC,
RepBottleneck, RepBottleneckCSPA, RepBottleneckCSPB, RepBottleneckCSPC,
Res, ResCSPA, ResCSPB, ResCSPC,
RepRes, RepResCSPA, RepResCSPB, RepResCSPC,
ResX, ResXCSPA, ResXCSPB, ResXCSPC,
RepResX, RepResXCSPA, RepResXCSPB, RepResXCSPC,
Ghost, GhostCSPA, GhostCSPB, GhostCSPC,
SwinTransformerBlock, STCSPA, STCSPB, STCSPC,
SwinTransformer2Block, ST2CSPA, ST2CSPB, ST2CSPC, CBAM]:
c1, c2 = ch[f], args[0]
if c2 != no: # if not output
c2 = make_divisible(c2 * gw, 8)

args = [c1, c2, *args[1:]]
if m in [DownC, SPPCSPC, GhostSPPCSPC,
BottleneckCSPA, BottleneckCSPB, BottleneckCSPC,
RepBottleneckCSPA, RepBottleneckCSPB, RepBottleneckCSPC,
ResCSPA, ResCSPB, ResCSPC,
RepResCSPA, RepResCSPB, RepResCSPC,
ResXCSPA, ResXCSPB, ResXCSPC,
RepResXCSPA, RepResXCSPB, RepResXCSPC,
GhostCSPA, GhostCSPB, GhostCSPC,
STCSPA, STCSPB, STCSPC,
ST2CSPA, ST2CSPB, ST2CSPC]:
args.insert(2, n) # number of repeats
n = 1

Add CBAM information in the cfg file
Here, taking adding to the backbone as an example, just replace Conv with CBAM, and it can also be replaced in FPN.

# parameters
nc: 80 # number of classes
depth_multiple: 1.0 # model depth multiple
width_multiple: 1.0 # layer channel multiple

# anchors
anchors:
– [10,13, 16,30, 33,23] # P3/8
– [30,61, 62,45, 59,119] # P4/16
– [116,90, 156,198, 373,326] # P5/32

backbone:
# [from, number, module, args] c2, k=1, s=1, p=None, g=1, act=True
# [[-1, 1, Conv, [32, 3, 2, None, 1, nn.LeakyReLU(0.1)]], # 0-P1/2
[[-1, 1, CBAM, [32, 3, 2, None, 1, nn.LeakyReLU(0.1)]], # 0-P1/2

# [-1, 1, Conv, [64, 3, 2, None, 1, nn.LeakyReLU(0.1)]], # 1-P2/4
[-1, 1, CBAM, [64, 3, 2, None, 1, nn.LeakyReLU(0.1)]], # 1-P2/4

[-1, 1, Conv, [32, 1, 1, None, 1, nn.LeakyReLU(0.1)]],
[-2, 1, Conv, [32, 1, 1, None, 1, nn.LeakyReLU(0.1)]],
[-1, 1, Conv, [32, 3, 1, None, 1, nn.LeakyReLU(0.1)]],
[-1, 1, Conv, [32, 3, 1, None, 1, nn.LeakyReLU(0.1)]],
[[-1, -2, -3, -4], 1, Concat, [1]],
[-1, 1, Conv, [64, 1, 1, None, 1, nn.LeakyReLU(0.1)]], # 7

[-1, 1, MP, []], # 8-P3/8
[-1, 1, Conv, [64, 1, 1, None, 1, nn.LeakyReLU(0.1)]],
[-2, 1, Conv, [64, 1, 1, None, 1, nn.LeakyReLU(0.1)]],
[-1, 1, Conv, [64, 3, 1, None, 1, nn.LeakyReLU(0.1)]],
[-1, 1, Conv, [64, 3, 1, None, 1, nn.LeakyReLU(0.1)]],
[[-1, -2, -3, -4], 1, Concat, [1]],
[-1, 1, Conv, [128, 1, 1, None, 1, nn.LeakyReLU(0.1)]], # 14

[-1, 1, MP, []], # 15-P4/16
[-1, 1, Conv, [128, 1, 1, None, 1, nn.LeakyReLU(0.1)]],
[-2, 1, Conv, [128, 1, 1, None, 1, nn.LeakyReLU(0.1)]],
[-1, 1, Conv, [128, 3, 1, None, 1, nn.LeakyReLU(0.1)]],
[-1, 1, Conv, [128, 3, 1, None, 1, nn.LeakyReLU(0.1)]],
[[-1, -2, -3, -4], 1, Concat, [1]],
[-1, 1, Conv, [256, 1, 1, None, 1, nn.LeakyReLU(0.1)]], # 21

[-1, 1, MP, []], # 22-P5/32
[-1, 1, Conv, [256, 1, 1, None, 1, nn.LeakyReLU(0.1)]],
[-2, 1, Conv, [256, 1, 1, None, 1, nn.LeakyReLU(0.1)]],
[-1, 1, Conv, [256, 3, 1, None, 1, nn.LeakyReLU(0.1)]],
[-1, 1, Conv, [256, 3, 1, None, 1, nn.LeakyReLU(0.1)]],
[[-1, -2, -3, -4], 1, Concat, [1]],
[-1, 1, Conv, [512, 1, 1, None, 1, nn.LeakyReLU(0.1)]], # 28
]

# yolov7-tiny head
head:
[[-1, 1, Conv, [256, 1, 1, None, 1, nn.LeakyReLU(0.1)]],
[-2, 1, Conv, [256, 1, 1, None, 1, nn.LeakyReLU(0.1)]],
[-1, 1, SP, [5]],
[-2, 1, SP, [9]],
[-3, 1, SP, [13]],
[[-1, -2, -3, -4], 1, Concat, [1]],
[-1, 1, Conv, [256, 1, 1, None, 1, nn.LeakyReLU(0.1)]],
[[-1, -7], 1, Concat, [1]],
[-1, 1, Conv, [256, 1, 1, None, 1, nn.LeakyReLU(0.1)]], # 37

[-1, 1, Conv, [128, 1, 1, None, 1, nn.LeakyReLU(0.1)]],
[-1, 1, nn.Upsample, [None, 2, ‘nearest’]],
[21, 1, Conv, [128, 1, 1, None, 1, nn.LeakyReLU(0.1)]], # route backbone P4
[[-1, -2], 1, Concat, [1]],

[-1, 1, Conv, [64, 1, 1, None, 1, nn.LeakyReLU(0.1)]],
[-2, 1, Conv, [64, 1, 1, None, 1, nn.LeakyReLU(0.1)]],
[-1, 1, Conv, [64, 3, 1, None, 1, nn.LeakyReLU(0.1)]],
[-1, 1, Conv, [64, 3, 1, None, 1, nn.LeakyReLU(0.1)]],
[[-1, -2, -3, -4], 1, Concat, [1]],
[-1, 1, Conv, [128, 1, 1, None, 1, nn.LeakyReLU(0.1)]], # 47

[-1, 1, Conv, [64, 1, 1, None, 1, nn.LeakyReLU(0.1)]],
[-1, 1, nn.Upsample, [None, 2, ‘nearest’]],
[14, 1, Conv, [64, 1, 1, None, 1, nn.LeakyReLU(0.1)]], # route backbone P3
[[-1, -2], 1, Concat, [1]],

[-1, 1, Conv, [32, 1, 1, None, 1, nn.LeakyReLU(0.1)]],
[-2, 1, Conv, [32, 1, 1, None, 1, nn.LeakyReLU(0.1)]],
[-1, 1, Conv, [32, 3, 1, None, 1, nn.LeakyReLU(0.1)]],
[-1, 1, Conv, [32, 3, 1, None, 1, nn.LeakyReLU(0.1)]],
[[-1, -2, -3, -4], 1, Concat, [1]],
[-1, 1, Conv, [64, 1, 1, None, 1, nn.LeakyReLU(0.1)]], # 57

[-1, 1, Conv, [128, 3, 2, None, 1, nn.LeakyReLU(0.1)]],
[[-1, 47], 1, Concat, [1]],

[-1, 1, Conv, [64, 1, 1, None, 1, nn.LeakyReLU(0.1)]],
[-2, 1, Conv, [64, 1, 1, None, 1, nn.LeakyReLU(0.1)]],
[-1, 1, Conv, [64, 3, 1, None, 1, nn.LeakyReLU(0.1)]],
[-1, 1, Conv, [64, 3, 1, None, 1, nn.LeakyReLU(0.1)]],
[[-1, -2, -3, -4], 1, Concat, [1]],
[-1, 1, Conv, [128, 1, 1, None, 1, nn.LeakyReLU(0.1)]], # 65

[-1, 1, Conv, [256, 3, 2, None, 1, nn.LeakyReLU(0.1)]],
[[-1, 37], 1, Concat, [1]],

[-1, 1, Conv, [128, 1, 1, None, 1, nn.LeakyReLU(0.1)]],
[-2, 1, Conv, [128, 1, 1, None, 1, nn.LeakyReLU(0.1)]],
[-1, 1, Conv, [128, 3, 1, None, 1, nn.LeakyReLU(0.1)]],
[-1, 1, Conv, [128, 3, 1, None, 1, nn.LeakyReLU(0.1)]],
[[-1, -2, -3, -4], 1, Concat, [1]],
[-1, 1, Conv, [256, 1, 1, None, 1, nn.LeakyReLU(0.1)]], # 73

[57, 1, Conv, [128, 3, 1, None, 1, nn.LeakyReLU(0.1)]],
[65, 1, Conv, [256, 3, 1, None, 1, nn.LeakyReLU(0.1)]],
[73, 1, Conv, [512, 3, 1, None, 1, nn.LeakyReLU(0.1)]],

[[74,75,76], 1, Detect, [nc, anchors]], # Detect(P3, P4, P5)
]